HERE for COVID-19 Information. Welcome VIDEO to incoming students!

Next Certificate Program Start: 06/06/2022

Next Associate Degree Program Start: 07/05/2022


(888) 414-0285

Next Certificate Program Start: 06/06/2022
Next Associate Degree Program Start: 07/05/2022



A Heavy Equipment Guide: 4 Types of Heavy Equipment Used in Construction

Construction projects usually take multiple kinds of heavy equipment to finish the job. Some machines are more versatile than others. Sometimes, there’s no substitute for heavy equipment that is specifically designed to tackle a certain task.

In this brief guide, we’ll break down a few different kinds of heavy equipment used in the construction industry.


Bulldozers are surprisingly versatile machines thanks to their size and power. Equipped with broad, flat blades on the front, bulldozers push large masses of earth.

They are frequently used for grading, as their sheer mass and power flattens most things in their path.

Bulldozers also come in a variety of sizes, which allows for more options, depending on the kind of job being done.


As its name suggests, an excavator’s primary function is to dig and clear out areas for construction. Excavators can perform a wider variety of tasks in construction, too, such as demolishing structures and cutting brush.

Much of an excavator’s versatility lies in the wide array of attachments available. Such attachments include grapples, hammers, augers and rakes.

An excavator’s cab can rotate a full 360 degrees, allowing a level of versatility that few other heavy equipment machines can touch.

Excavator - HeavyEquipmentCollegesofAmerica

Loader Backhoe

Loader backhoes combine the boom and bucket of an excavator with the plate and power of a bulldozer. They can dig and fill holes and have the added capability of pushing dirt, debris and other materials.

Like excavators, backhoes provide additional versatility with the number of different attachments available for the end of the boom. Such attachments include different sizes of buckets.

Backhoes are perfect for smaller jobs that require the capabilities of excavators. Their maneuverability and mobility are added benefits that make them assets to any construction team.

Skid Steer Loader

Primarily, skid steer loaders are used to push and carry dirt and other materials in their long, wide buckets. But the bucket is just the beginning of what is possible with skid steer loaders.

Like excavators and backhoes, skid steer loaders have no shortage of attachments that increase the machine’s utility. These attachments include mulchers, trenchers and tillers.

Skid steer loaders share the backhoe’s advantages of size and maneuverability, which allows them to fit where larger machines can’t.
How would you like to learn to operate heavy machinery like the equipment in this handy guide? You’re in luck because we can help you on your way to a career in construction.

Learn from the pros at HEC

At the Heavy Equipment Colleges of America (HEC), we teach aspiring heavy equipment operators like you how to master the heavy equipment skills you need to succeed.

HEC offers four Certificate of Heavy Equipment Operations programs:

  • Heavy Equipment I
  • Heavy Equipment II
  • Lattice Boom Crane
  • Mobile Crane

In each of our three-week programs, you’ll learn the ins and outs of how machines function, as well as safety practices, pre-shift inspections and proper practices for their operation.

Our experienced instructors will teach you everything you need to know to operate heavy equipment safely and effectively.
At the end of our programs, you can be qualified to pursue entry-level heavy equipment operator jobs.

For more information or to schedule a visit at one of HEC’s seven campuses across the country, log on to today.


© 2022 Heavy Equipment Colleges of America. All Rights Reserved. | Privacy Policy 

CALIFORNIA LOCATION ONLY: Heavy Equipment College of America is a private institution approved to operate by the California Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education. Approval to operate means the institution is compliant with the minimum standards contained in the California Private Postsecondary Education Act of 2009 (as amended) and Division 7.5 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations. ( Access all Catalogs, Student Performance Fact Sheets and Brochures here.

The Department of Veterans Affairs is the government agency responsible for determining eligibility for VA education benefits and for authorizing payment for the benefits. If you have questions about the available benefits or your eligibility, please contact our admissions office at 888- 709-5007. You may also visit to learn more about the available benefits through the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Heavy Equipment Colleges of America cannot guarantee employment or career advancement or any particular earnings or salary.

OKLAHOMA LOCATION ONLY: This school has a Certificate of Approval from the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC). The TWC-assigned school number is: S2698 . The school’s programs are approved by TWC, as well as Accrediting Commission of Careers Schools and Colleges (ACCSC). Heavy Equipment Colleges of America has a Certificate of Approval from the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC). The school’s programs are approved by TWC. Students must address their concerns about this school of any of its educational programs by following the grievance process outlined in the school’s catalog. Students dissatisfied with the school’s response to their complaint or who are not able to file a complaint with the school, can file a formal complaint with TWC, as well as with other relevant agencies or accreditors, if applicable. Information on filing a complaint with TWC can be found on TWC’s website at

Heavy Equipment Colleges of America endorses the national certification program offered by the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO) and provides training to prepare candidates for CCO examinations.

*SkillBridge prepares service members for civilian employment through first-class apprenticeships, on-the-job training, job shadowing, internships and employment skills training. Service members are eligible to participate in a SkillBridge up to 180 days prior to separation. To be considered for an open seat in a SkillBridge you must contact the POC at the installation where you want to attend a SkillBridge and submit your commander authorized/signed participation memo in advance of the start date.

WIOA/TAA funded training may be provided only to individuals who qualify for the program and not only if funds are available.

Equal opportunity employer/program. Auxiliary aids and services are available upon request for individuals with disabilities.